Salon des Refusés

April 1 – July 2, 2022

Artist Reception April 1, 2022 from 6-8pm.

We are excited to have this exhibit to bring artists from coast to coast to the heart of America.

In French painting, the term “Salon des Refusés” refers to an art exhibition held in Paris, in 1863, to show paintings that had been rejected by the selection committee of the “Paris Salon” – the official annual showcase of French art. (Note: the French Academy remained the organizers of the annual Salon exhibition, artworks for which were approved or rejected by a jury or committee of reputable, usually conservative, artists, typically drawn from members of the Academy. Since the Academy was the traditional champion of the orthodox style of painting and sculpture known as “Academic Art” – the majority of the jury tended to vote against any artwork which was in the least bit unconventional. Both subject matter and style were judged by the selection jury. Subjects were ranked according to an official Hierarchy of Genres, and lower ranked genres were regarded less favorably. Please see also: Painting Genres. In terms of style, the Academy expected idealized, true-to-life realist painting with all traces of brushwork erased leaving a polished finish. A rejected painting might be very bad news for an artist, since the Salon show provided the only opportunity in the French arts calendar for him to display his works to art collectors and dealers, as well as art critics and writers.
Exhibition of Rejected Art (1863)
In 1863, so many paintings had been rejected by the Salon selection jury (fewer than 2,218 pictures out of a total of over 5,000 were accepted) and so many artists protested, that Emperor Napoleon III, (ever sensitive to public opinion), ordered a new exhibition to be organized – dubbed the “Salon des Refusés” (Exhibition of Rejected Art) – in order to display all the paintings and sculptures that had been refused admission to the Salon, so as to allow the public to judge the merits of these works for themselves.
The exhibition program for the Salon des Refusés lists 780 works by 64 sculptors and 366 painters, along with a small number of printmakers and architects. Famous painters whose works were shown, included: Edouard Manet (1832-83), Gustave Courbet (1819-77), Paul Cezanne (1839-1906), Camille Pissarro (1830-1903), Johan Jongkind (1819-1891), James Whistler (1834-1903) and Henri Fantin-Latour (1836-1904).
Why was the Salon des Refusés So Important?
Three reasons. (1) Because it undermined the infallibility of the French Academy and, by implication, Academic art across Europe. (2) Because it highlighted the need for alternative “unofficial” exhibitions, to prevent highly conservative academic bodies from dominating both aesthetics and public taste in art. (3) Because, to a great extent, it legitimized the newly emerging forms of avant-garde art, and paved the way for the even more shocking style of “Impressionism”, which its exponents unleashed on Paris in 1874, in a series of independently organized exhibitions (1874-84).
Best of Show
Nanci France Vaz
“Paolo and Francesca Canto 5”
Oil on ACM
42 x 32

Second Place
Jason Lee Gimbel
“Two of Halves”
Mixed Media
15 x 13

Third Place
Kurt Kreisll
“NO. 626”
Oil on Panel
16 X 29


Eric Kunsman
“415-388-9904 Muir Woods, CA”
Archival Pigment Print
20 x 20
Tanja Gant
Colored Pencil
20 x 15
Roberta Masciarelli
Factory #7
17 x 17 x 12.5
Pamela Knoll
“Inner Vision”
Oil on Panel
4 x 7
Mary Solberg
“Red Bows”
Mixed Media
48 x 48
Mark Weller
“Colossus vs The Prairie”
Time Stacking Photography
24 x 36
Marc Duquette
“Letting Go”
Oil on Canvas
20 x 30
Kerra Taylor
“The Embrace”
Oil on Panel
16 x 12
Kara Lasiewicz
Oil on Canvas
48 x 48
JuliAnne Jonker
Selene, Goddess of the Moon
Oil on Panel
20 x 24
George Nickels
“Small Orange City”
Oil on panel
12 x 12
Deirdre Sullivan-Beeman
“Spider Girl”
Egg Tempera
10 x 8
David Morris
“Love Haze Note in Neutrals”
Oil on Panel
5 x 7
Daniel John O’Neal
Oil on Board
23 x 18
Alayne Sahar
“The Peacekeeper”
Watercolor with variegated Metal Leaf
21 x 14

This exhibit also includes the works of the following artists from coast to coast;

 Maria  Bennett Hock

 Cathy Locke

 Margaret Pagoria

 Lizzy Martinez

 Jean Benvenuto

 Martin Keey

 Acquieta Williams

 Gayle Madeira

 Lisa Botto Lee

 Carol Blum

 Lake Roberson Newton

 Cathy Abramson

 Jade Olson

 Eric Millikin

 Ellen Maidman-Tanner

 Nicole Cooper

 Beau Lasiewicz

 Lisa Rickard

 Regina Jean

 Deann De La Ronde

 Gerhardt P. Miller

 Bri Wenke

 Stephen Spiller

 John Decker

 Thomas Moberg

 Symmes Gardner

 Sarah Means

 Lia Ali

 Lydia Wood

 Joanna Popieluch

 Michael Kenneth Depue

 Jessica Libor

 Nicole Alger

 McGarren Flack

 Aki Kano

 Tony D. Riel

 Ilona Cutts

 Shawn Farley

 Shannon (“Shan”) Fannin

 Rebecca Antoniou

 Abigail Morris

 Pamela Benham

 Will Ursprung

 Yochi Yakir-Avin

 Sara Hinke

 Kay Geraghty

 Marcella Gillenwater

 James H. Arnold

 Jeannie Hua

 Pat Millin

 Deanna Gibson

 Mariah Kaminsky

 Amy Gibson

 Benji Alexander Palus

 Q. Wang

 Stephen Schiff

 Zsófia Ötvös

 Joan Diamond

 Sylvia G Bandyke

 Meredith Morris

 Shawn Marshall

 Charles Gilbert Kapsner

 Shawn Sullivan

 Emma Kamerer

 Erin Ruffino

 Lindsay Hirsch

 Mark Kannenberg

 Joann Milano Neal

 Kathy Sletten

 John Hyland

Our Mission & Vision

The Wausau Museum of Contemporary Art is a place where people from Northern Wisconsin can experience the work and ideas of artists – both living and deceased – to understand the historical, social and cultural context of the art  of our time. WMOCA integrates exhibitions, performances, collections, and educational programs to excite, challenge, and enlighten our visitors.

Our vision will inspire generations of north central Wisconsin residents and visitors from throughout the nation to understand and appreciate the art of our time. We are located in the historic Wausau Club at 309 McClellan Street in the very heart of Wausau’s vibrant downtown, featuring works by nationally & internationally established artists. Our goal is to unleash our region’s creative energy and to engage a broad and diverse audience in conversation about how art connects us, allowing us to grow and thrive as a community.

This website is sponsored by

Incredible Bank &

The Horvat Family Foundation


For more information, questions or to give corporate support, please contact David Hummer at



309 McClellan St

Wausau, WI 54403

Free and open to the public
Tue-Sat: Noon – 5